This dual approach is the only way to protect women and girls, who are increasingly at risk. In the case of physical violence, sex workers will often resort to doing things or performing acts they don’t want to. Toro said some sex workers will drink alcohol or do drugs before work to numb themselves to doing things they don’t want to. Human Traffickinginvolves exploiting someone to compel a commercial sex act or forced labor. Generally, this exploitation must involve force, fraud, or coercion to be considered human trafficking.
- A 12-year-old girl with the cognitive ability of a nine-year-old reported that she had had consensual sex with her boyfriend and separately with his roommate, both adult males.
- Since 2017, more than 648,000 Venezuelan migrants have crossed the border into Peru, according to Peru’s National Immigration Superintendence.
- Amnesty International believes that Venezuelans are in need of international protection and have the right to request that their refugee status be recognized.
- He also asserted that the prosecution turned down his offers to test his DNA against any found on the child’s undergarment.
The vast majority of Venezuela’s migrants and refugees have relocated to other countries in Latin America or the Caribbean, including more than 2 million who are living in Colombia. The influx has strained Colombia’s local health systems, especially near the border in cities like Cúcuta. But for Yolanda, and so many others like her, that health care is absolutely essential, because in Venezuela it was either too expensive, insufficient, or nonexistent. In terms of health-related vulnerabilities, the lack of skilled personnel, medical supplies, and sanitary hospital conditions have led Venezuelan women to leave the country to give birth abroad. There is also a lack of access to contraceptives, which has increased the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases and the number of unwanted teen pregnancies. Subsequently, 20 percent of maternal deaths are linked to unsafe abortions.
But if you’re a woman, and you’re here with your own children, then your choices become different. Your choices may become a lot harder or you just may not have choices. Indeed, migration is not a new phenomenon in Latin America or the Caribbean.
While Venezuela had traditionally been a migrant receptor country, this trend started to reverse in the early 2000s. As the economy continued to plunge, in 2014 the number of Venezuelans migrating to neighboring countries increased to worrying levels. By 2018 this trend turned into a mass migration and is now considered the largest external population displacement in the history of the Western Hemisphere. As such, it has strained resources and caused tensions between Venezuelans and their host communities, and there have been some examples of rising anti-immigrant sentiment major airlines in host countries. Increase assistance for victims of trafficking, including housing and psychosocial support.Safe accommodation and psychological support are key elements needed for victims to heal.
However, the number one most attractive quality of Venezuelan women for marriage is their ability to see both sides to every story and take your opinion into account when making decisions. A Venezuelan wife is not someone who will try to get her point across without any regard for your feelings. She will always try to achieve a compromise and your relationship will only become stronger for it. The Venezuelan movements also blame the sanctions imposed by Washington for the high migratory flows from Venezuela to several countries in the region and states “that the blockade and the economic warfare applied […] constitute a form of violence against women. Many of the babies are born premature, especially those born to adolescent mothers.
Venezuelan Women Are Leading the Charge to Construct a Prosperous and Democratic Venezuela
As a result of this decision, each of the crimes of sexual, psychological, and physical violence can be committed separately, reinforcing the protection of women’s rights. This decision represents an improvement in rights for women in Venezuela. The defendant was convicted for the crimes of human trafficking and association to commit crimes on May 15, 2014 in the state of Nueva Esparta. In its decision, the lower court said that in cases of rape and trafficking of persons, anyone who has been accused of having a relationship or knowledge of such crime could be deprived of liberty during trial, if it is deemed appropriate by the authorities. In the defendant’s case, he was accused of seducing and luring the female victim into the island of Margarita, where she was subjected, tortured, drugged, and raped. The defendant appealed the decision, alleging that it violated his right to be judged in freedom.
Among the victims of this crisis, there is one group in society that has been disproportionately affected by the ever-changing situation and by the difficult decision to migrate—Venezuelan women. They are vulnerable to forced sex, sexual exploitation, and trafficking along the migration journey. Growing restrictions preventing Venezuelan migrants from entering other countries has led to an increase in the use of irregular migration routes where passage may be through smugglers, only further aggravating this situation for women and children. Migrants are often targeted by groups controlling the “trochas”, or land border crossings, who may demand sex in exchange for passage at these de facto checkpoints. The majority of victims of trafficking detected globally are women and girls, and while not true in certain regions, overall, trafficking for the purposes of sexual exploitation is the most common form.
In countries such as Peru, many began to believe their jobs were being lost to Venezuelans, and according to a 2019 Institute of Peruvian Studies poll, 73 percent of Peruvians are against these migrants coming to Peru. Many employers realized that the Venezuelan population, due to their desperation for work and often undocumented status, could be exploited. “This is not xenophobia because they come from Venezuela, it comes from many things that you can add up together,” said Claudia. Refugees International advocates for lifesaving assistance, human rights, and protection for displaced people and promotes solutions to displacement crises.
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More than 6 million Venezuelans have migrated from their country due to years of humanitarian crisis. Among them are large numbers of pregnant women and mothers, many of whom have made the grueling trip alone. See how Project HOPE is providing care, and community, across the border in Colombia. In the country, women have faced an ongoing lack of access to basic medical and sanitary products since 2015 when the government eliminated its preferential exchange rate for pharmaceutical products. Until that point, a combination of price controls and the preferential rates allowed the Venezuelan government to meet high demand for pharmaceuticals at low prices. While some pharmaceuticals had already been driven out of the market by the government’s discretionary and questionable methods for assigning the rates, problems deepened with a decline in oil prices in 2015. At that point, the Maduro administration kept its draconian price controls but eliminated the preferential exchange rates, leading the country’s pharmaceutical industry to collapse and sparking as much as a 70 percent shortage in essential medicines.
Photos: The Journey Venezuela’s Mothers Endure
Dissenting judges argued that the special court’s jurisdiction was confined to gender-based crimes and that the majority opinion would result in a separate system of justice for each gender. Despite the industry’s legality in Colombia, sex workers are not guaranteed workers’ rights. According to the Sexuality, Poverty and Law Programme, a program that provides evidence-based knowledge and policy options to help achieve legal reform and tackle poverty, sex workers in Colombia are required to attend health checks. After completing Step 3, the beneficiary will receive a notice in their online account confirming whether CBP will, in its discretion, provide them with advance authorization to travel to the United States to seek a discretionary grant of parole on a case-by-case basis. As part of confirming eligibility in their online account, individuals who seek authorization to travel to the United States must confirm that they meet public health requirements, including certain vaccination requirements. Once beneficiaries receive their travel authorization, they should arrange to fly directly to their final destination in the United States. Upon arrival at the interior port of entry, individuals will be inspected by CBP and required to submit additional information, to include fingerprints, for further biometric vetting, and then be considered for a discretionary grant of parole.